The trees are to be pruned thus: the branches that you leave to be well separated; cut straight; do not leave too many. Varro's Res rustica (37 BCE) is not a practical treatise but instruction, in dialogue form, about agricultural life meant for prosperous country gentlemen. When you decide to mix them in, use quickly. The wine will be mild and pleasant, with good colour and good bouquet. She must be clean, and keep the farmhouse sweet and clean. 46. 63. Globi to be made thus: mix cheese and emmer as above; make as many balls as you want. Use the same mixture for all quadrupeds if they are scabby. Those who are troubled by colic are to be treated as follows. Make small bricks, cook in the oven, grind and apply. (Or basket.) Sinito conbibant noctem et diem. Move the bowels as follows. Roman ploughs will be good for vigorous soil, Campanian ones for grey earth. Therefore accept the presentation of this Feast of ours.� Wash your hands, and take the wine. And be sure that they are harvested fully ripe and dry, or your wine will lose its reputation! clean durum wheat in a clean mixing bowl, wash well, thresh well and rinse well; then you place in a cooking pot with clean water and cook. If you want to take the wine off the lees, this will be the best time to do so. Pull out danewort, hemlock, from the crop, and herba alta and sedge from the willow bed. Cut poplar, elm and oak boughs at the same time and store them, not too dry, as fodder for sheep; the late hay and the grain stalks, too, but these you must store dry. Posts 2 feet thick, 10 feet high including tenons. Open it to check on it two or three times. [Latin lexicography, 7th century ad.] Translated by Sir Arthur Hort (Loeb classical library). Juni 2020 um 00:13 Uhr bearbeitet. 5th century ad.] You must inspect the animals, and you must sell at auction: sell oil when it will pay; sell surplus wine and grain; sell aging oxen, runty calves, runty sheep; sell wool, hides, an old cart, old iron tools, an old slave, a sickly slave, and anything else surplus. J. H. Charlesworth (London, 1983-5) vol. Ovid, Fasti. There should be good presses, so that the work can be done well. În iulie 196 î.C. The gatherers want there to be as many windfalls as possible, so that they gather more. Seneca, Letters. In the case of a fistula, insert it as a pack. Allow it 1 thumb of play. Make the cuttings stand 1 finger�s breadth above the ground. Cambridge, Mass., 1917-25. To behave well; to make sure they observe holidays; not to touch others� property and carefully to look after the owner�s; to prevent household quarrels; if anyone misbehaves, to give proper punishment in proportion to damage done. 84-92. Leave fruiting wood and renewal wood. 29. After two years, sever the young branch below and plant it out with its basket. He must not cheat the grain-field, for that brings bad luck. [Latin orator and philosopher, 1st century bc.] No such equipment will be removed from the farm: any removed will become the owner�s. If getting new millstones for an old mill, 1 foot 3 fingers thick at the centre, 3 feet high, axle slot foot square. If you do this they will not be scabby and will have more and better wool, and ticks will not attack them. Make the olive platen 4 feet across, with Punic joints, and 6 fingers thick. con una gran proporción de empleo en la agricultura, hambre y malnutrición generalizadas, y altos niveles de pobreza. Cart it out in autumn. Then, after shearing, coat them all over in the mixture; leave them in sweat two or three days, and then wash in the sea, or, if you have no sea water, make up salt water and wash in this. If it does, the wine will soak away and the water will remain, because an ivy cup will not hold wine. Proyección del cambio climático: las RCP y las SSP 35 8. PRAEFATIO Est interdum praestare mercaturis rem quaerere, nisi tam periculosum sit, et item foenerari, si tam honestum. �She must have the hearth ready swept all round each day before she goes to bed. When it is moderately warm, pour in the gum and then spread it. Millstones 3 feet high. In well-watered, damp, shady places, near streams, willows can be planted: make sure that they are productive, whether for the owner�s use or for sale. The patient should wash only occasionally, using oil instead. You can go on picking until you see that it is going to seed. - - Piracicaba, 2006. If you wish to move an old vine to a new spot, you can do so if it is no thicker than an arm. De Agricultura cato.indb 1 10/8/10 12:58:46. Put it in a strainer and suspend it in the vat of must. For this purpose, have at hand two Campanian olive straining bags. Of all these ingredients listed only one, whichever, has the power to move the bowels! 4 First published in 1998 by Prospect Books, 26 Parke Road, London, SW13 9NG. Liber ortus est ex peritia ipsius Catonis qui adulescens agricola fuit antequam factus est vir peritus rei publicae, imperator, et orator clarus. Heat the vat, not as hot as if you were going to pitch it: warm is enough: use kindling wood for heating. [Greek medical author, 1st century bc, known only from fragments.] 53. Repercusiones de los fenómenos climáticos extremos 30 7. With incense and wine address Janus, Jove and Juno before you slaughter the female pig. Make a peg in the middle of the windlass. Give oxen elm, poplar, oak and fig foliage as long as you have it. In the farmhouse, when it rains, you can go round and mark with charcoal where it drips. Take off the amurca till it fills the last tank in the store. When cooked remove them, coat in honey, roll in poppy-seeds, serve. 3 vols. Make oil one day or two days after picking. If the sore cannot bear the bitterness of the cabbage, mix with barley flour and apply the mixture: it will cure all sores of this kind, while other medicines cannot cure them or clean them up. 109. How to in Graphics is like a totorial in wallpaper or images When it has cooled, bottle the whole. This description of a ritual to be performed for the health of cattle does not include an suggestions for appropriate words to be spoken, but simply describes the offering itself. Under the axle fit an iron base-plate, as wide as the axle itself at its middle, and pierced to take the pivot. Vergil. grease; and for the owner�s weights and measures the buyer will give two cotulae iri pri primae. Fig, olive, pomegranate, strutea quince, cotonea quince and all other apples, Cyprian bay, Delphic bay, plum, coniuolum myrtle and white and black myrtle, filbert, hazelnut, plane: all these kinds can be layered from the root and dug up in this way. It is correct to prune for 45 days starting on that day. 24. If the buyer fails to pay the gatherers and press-workers who have carried out the harvest, the owner may choose to pay what is owed. Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy. Degrassi, Inscriptiones Italiae vol. Take a pitched tile, and put on it a little hot charcoal, scenting with melilot, camel�s-hay and ben-nut. Bibliography Major Roman works on farming. Livy, From the Foundation of the City. Berytius, Farming. Latin, 1st century bc.] None is to leave to go where olive harvesting and oil-making are better paid, unless naming a new crew member to take the place. Then, when it stops raining, the tiles can be adjusted. If you have poplar, add that to make the elm last. For wine presses make the posts and �trees� two feet taller. 115. DOMINGUEZ MACHUCA DIRECCION DE OPERACIONES PDF. El tratado de Catón sobre la agricultura aborda la educación integral del buen ciudadano. When hot, pitch it and tie it to a string. De agri cultura is the oldest remaining complete prose work in Latin. [ Catón, Marco Porcio (Mayor); ]. It does you good, permits no disease to remain in the body, and does the bowels good. Isidore of Seville, Etymologies. Where you plant cypress seed, turn the ground with a spade: plant at the beginning of spring. fresh cheese, lb. 26. �Sheep which have not lambed [this season] count two for one.� Recover payment from the agent 10 months from the day on which wool and lambs are sold. flour gradually, and make into sheets; arrange them in a basket to dry out. When turned over, make beds, in such a way that you can hoe and pull up weeds on either side without treading on them. On these structures build walls, and anchor them to the timbers of the building, to give adequate weight. 2. These prices are with a fair owner on a healthy site: on a malarial site, where work cannot go on in summer, a fair owner pays a quarter more. If you have no water at hand, carry it in, and use it sparingly. salt) per culleus. The wine may be taken from the vats at any time before the next Calends of January. Make and plant a vine nursery in the same way. When they have soaked sufficiently they are drained, put into vinegar, and oil is added. Do it with a knife. Do the same with the second bunch, and then the third. At a farm that is very distant from the sea, make Greek Wine as follows. Make up putty for wine vats as follows: 1 lb. Astin, Cato. Press-beam 25 feet long, including tongue 2 feet. In the fifth, sixth, seventh, eighth months, a pint a day, i.e. Cato, Speeches. HOME   AGLIBRARY CATALOG   TRANSLATOR'S INTRODUCTION. Included in the Bible and Apocrypha. Make her afraid of you. Spread the salt in the base of the vat or jar, then place a ham with the skin facing downwards. When it is clear without dispute what work lies ahead, you must arrange for it to be done. Hoe around the heads. One force-feeds twice a day and gives water at midday. She must not be too free-spending. Then put all together and pound. If the owner suffers loss in any way due to the work of the contractor, compensation will be deducted as determined by an impartial arbitrator. Leave them to harden for a night and a day, then mix with the wine in its vat. Make a hole at the base and insert a pipe in it which can be easily stopped. If any harvester removes olives, for any such act 2 sestertii will be charged or deducted. He must not engage the same tradesman or jobber for more than one day. O. Schönberger. Sturdier trees, 5 fingers thick, should be cut back before planting, the cuts sealed with dung and bound with leaves. Then, when about to dine, eat about 5 leaves. Placenta to be made thus: 2 lb. Make a cut in the basket from bottom to top; if a cup, break. They are sold at the walls of Rufrium at HS 180; fitting, HS 30. De Agri Cultura (Latin pronunciation: [deː ˈaÉ¡riː kʊlˈtuːraː]; On Farming or On Agriculture), written by Cato the Elder, is the oldest surviving work of Latin prose. After catching a young wood-pigeon, first feed roasted cooked beans, puffing them from one�s mouth into the bird�s mouth, and give water similarly. La Agricultura Ecológica combina la ciencia e innovación modernas con el respeto por la naturaleza y la biodiversidad. If there is a suppurating or fresh sore, sprinkle this ground wild cabbage with water and apply: you will cure it. In a dry field, at sowing time; in a fertile field, in spring. Make it thoroughly clean. scriptus, agricolis abundanter praecipiens, ut recte vitam agant ruri. Columella, On Trees. Layer new vines as early as possible, then hoe. The book is too long to fit comfortably on a single webpage. You must consecrate the field as follows. Goujard. 17. La Lingua di Catone. Tie it to the dislocation or fracture and it will heal. Liber ortus est ex peritia ipsius Catonis qui adulescens agricola fuit antequam factus est vir peritus rei publicae, imperator, et orator clarus. 12. Sow ocinum, vetch, fenugreek, bean, bitter vetch, as fodder for oxen. First-press and cut-round must to be divided among the vats equally. [On food in Greek culture, citing numerous earlier sources; c. 200 ad.] If you want the vines and olives that you have planted to grow quickly, you can dig the rows once a month and around the olive trees every month until they are three years old. Length when twisted, 49 feet. It is not excessive to give them 10 quadrantalia each a year. You should sow three month wheat in a field that you were unable to sow early, or a field that is fat enough to be sown every year. No new crew member may be taken on except by the owner�s or overseer�s order. [Greek work on farming attributed to or named after the early philosopher; quoted in the Geoponica.] Arrange on the base, densely spaced: arrange as with spira, and cook in the same way. First manure the ground thoroughly with goat or sheep dung, then turn with a spade, mixing the earth with the manure thoroughly. If you cannot plant them deep enough, knock in with a hammer or mallet. If there is more, and the stones are too far away, wind a rope around the pillar, looping it tight, so as to fill the unwanted space. Complete the work to the satisfaction of the owner or deputy. The same craftsman who makes the required iron parts can fit them. When the vine comes into leaf, tie in. Between the centre and the two ends, pierce the axle [with slots for axle-bars] at left and at right, 4 fingers wide, 3 fingers long. Whenever there is no rain and the ground dries out, water the beds lightly. They should have muzzles, so that they do not browse when ploughing. Make a threshing floor as follows. Each year at the time when the grapes begin to change colour give the oxen a medicine to keep them healthy. Martial. If the owner suffers loss in any way due to the work of the contractor, it is to be compensated as determined by an impartial arbitrator. Boscherini, �Medicina�. Then filter; discard the barley, and leave the wine in the open air. Caton, Les Origines (fragments) ed. 72. When the press workers are using levers, the decanter must continually dip oil with a dipper as carefully as possible, and not stop, and be careful not to take up any amurca. 130. [In Greek: semi-official Roman geography. Before you apply it, wash with plenty of hot water, then apply ground cabbage twice a day. Prune as follows. And when you have covered up the roots again carefully, mulch well in, so that the water will not damage them. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. flour of bitter vetch and add 4 cyathi wine and a dash of grape syrup. Present a culigna of wine, as much as you wish, to Festive Jove. If one thing is done late you will do everything late: that is how it is with farm work. Must cakes to be made thus: two gallons of bread-wheat flour to be moistened with must; add to this anise, cumin, 2 lb. After buying legs of pork cut off the trotters. [Latin poet, 1st century bc. Dig over the site, then drench with amurca and allow to soak in, then break up the ground thoroughly. Taking quantities as required, proceed as for placenta, but shape differently. Chickpea is bad, because it is pulled up, and because it is salty. �The purchaser will leave the marc, unwatered, and the lees. 3 of the above edition. Cambridge, Mass., 1914; reprint (Dover books), New York, 1960. By Anne Rice - Jul 26, 2020 ** Book Cato On Farming De Agriculture De Agricultura **, de agri cultura latin pronunciation de agri kltura on farming or on agriculture written by cato the elder is the oldest surviving work of latin prose alexander hugh mcdonald in his article for the oxford classical Equipment for 100 iugera planted in vines: 2 oxen, 2 asses for carts, 1 ass for the mill; enough vats for five vintages, total 800 cullei, 20 vats for keeping the marc, 20 for wheat, a lid and cover for each vat; 6 urns with esparto casings, 4 amphoras with esparto casings, 2 funnels, 3 wicker strainers, 3 strainers to remove flor, 10 pitchers for must; 2 carts, 2 ploughs, cart yoke, vine yoke, 1 ass yoke; bronze cauldron holding 1 culleus, lid for bronze cauldron, 3 iron hooks, bronze boiling-cauldron holding 1 culleus, 2 water-pitchers; 1 watering-can, 1 basin, 1 jug, 1 slop-pail, 1 water-bucket, tray, ladle, candlestick, pisspot; 4 beds, 1 bench, 2 tables, 1 stone table, 1 clothes chest, 1 cupboard, 6 long benches, 1 well-wheel, 1 iron-tipped peck measure, 1 half-peck, 1 wash-tub, 1 soaking-tub, 1 tub for lupins, 10 jars; harnesses for oxen, harnesses for asses, 3 rugs, 3 packsaddles; 3 strainers for wine-lees, 3 donkey-mills, 1 pushing-mill; iron tools: 5 reed knives, 6 vine-dresser�s knives, 3 pruning knives, 5 axes, 4 wedges, [2] ploughshares, 10 forks, 6 spades, 4 shovels, 2 drag-hoes with four teeth, 4 hurdles for dung, 1 hamper for dung, 40 grape-harvesting sickles, 10 broom-cutting sickles, 2 braziers, 2 tongs, 1 fire-shovel; 20 Amerine carrying-baskets, 40 planting-baskets or troughs, 40 wooden trowels; 4 mattresses, 4 blankets, 6 pillows, 6 bed-covers, 3 towels, 6 patchwork cloaks for the youngsters. 37 part 1 (Berlin: De Gruyter, 19--) pp. It should be one of the properties that is not always changing its owners, and whose sellers regret having had to sell. 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