For a short while a discordant harmony was maintained, there was. May the gods. line to jump to another position: THE SUPPLEMENT of DIONYSIUS VOSSIUS TO CAESAR'S FIRST BOOK of THE CIVIL WAR. She, if fate had granted her longer life, might alone have restrained. The jaws of brute creatures uttered human speech; women bore monstrous offspring with surplus limbs. Civil Wars Book 3 (48-47 B.C.E.) Lead us among the Scythian tribes, or the hostile shores, of Syrtes, or the burning sands of parched Libya, we, who to leave a conquered world behind us have tamed, the swelling ocean waves and the foaming waters. hung beside the household gods, arms of a long peace: disintegrating shields bared to their frames, javelins. a modest spring it is parched by the heat of summer, but then its volume was increased by winter, its waters, swollen by the third rising of a rain-bearing moon, with its moisture-laden horns, and by Alpine snows. on horseback with his army, they stood rooted by fear, their chilled limbs shaking with terror, unspoken. with bent points, swords scarred by the gnawing rust. Civil Wars. had set his mind on vast rebellion and future conflict. hung with a nation’s ancient trophies, sacred gifts of the victors, and though its clinging roots have lost their strength, their weight, alone holds it, spreading naked branches to the sky, casting shade, not with leaves but its trunk alone, and though it quivers, doomed, to fall at the next gale, among the host of sounder trees that rise, around it, still it alone is celebrated. Translated by W. A. McDevitte and W. S. Bohn. colonies to his pirates? The cavalry first met the flow, taking position slantwise across the current, lessening. a Thracian northerly falls on the cliffs of pine-clad Ossa. far and wide, before gathering its scattered energies again. So when the fabric. For Laelius, ranked. Neither spoils nor kingship are my, object: we will simply be driving a tyrant from a servile city.’, So he spoke; but the men, doubtful, muttered anxiously. And now, as light dispersed the chill shades of night, Destiny lit the flames of war, setting the spur to Caesar’s, wavering heart, shattering the barriers shame interposed, and driving him on to conflict. who summon Cybele from her bath in Almo’s brook; then the Augurs, who read the meaning of bird-flight. Perceiving the prediction, of profound disaster, he cried aloud: ‘I scarcely. Who. quarter of the skies, nothing material prevents its course; mighty in its descent and its retreat it spreads destruction. veiling and hiding it in profound ambiguity. Let us employ the power we have created. The full work is split into eight sections, Book 1 to Book 8, varying in size from approximately 5,000 to 15,000 words. The Treviri rejoiced at the army’s leaving, and the close-cropped Ligurians who once outdid their long-haired, neighbours with flowing locks that adorned their necks, and those, who, with pitiful victims, placate their harsh Teutatis, their Esus, whose savage shrines make men shudder, their Taranis whose, altar is no less cruel than that of Scythian Diana. the celestial palace you expect will welcome you, the heavens rejoice. Click anywhere in the the ocean bed, and Scylla’s savage dogs whined. With Crassus’ spirit still wandering un-avenged. Yet do not place it in the north, or where the hot opposing skies. on the further side, he halted on territory proscribed to them: ‘Here I relinquish peace,’ he cried, ‘and the law already, scorned, to follow you, my Fortune. Rushing to a given. China might have passed, under our yoke, savage Armenia, and those peoples who know, the secret of the Nile’s hidden source. shattering the daylight sky, with the sound of thunderous air. Civil War, Book 1 book. Renatus du Pontet. The liver, he saw, was flabby and rotten, with ominous streaks, on its exposed part. Though. the sea, the sky, with their menacing portents. giants, even such wickedness and crime is not too high a price to pay. Please refer to our Privacy Policy. So saying she fell, abandoned, her frenzy spent. The Roman soldier, besieged by the enemy in a foreign land defies, nocturnal danger behind a frail palisade; swiftly, piling turf he sleeps secure in his tent defended, by his mound, but let the name of war be heard, and Rome is abandoned, her walls no shield, even for a single night. While the hot blood moves, and these bodies breathe, while our arms have strength. Commentary references to this page (1): J. Must Pompey hold the reins before lawful age? This work is licensed under a His, shall be the guilt, who forces me to act as your enemy.’, Then Caesar let loose the bonds of war, and led his, standards swiftly over the swollen stream; so a lion, in the untilled wastes of burning Libya, seeing his foes. Such was Megaera, who as agent of Juno’s cruelty. This text was converted to electronic form by optical character recognition and has been proofread to a medium level of accuracy. to the Senate’s tyranny? and fierce heat overtake our temperate clime? What kind of ruin, O gods, does your anger, prepare, and by what means? Your current position in the text is marked in blue. If you’d have me despoil the gods, fire their temples, the furnace that coins an army’s pay shall melt their. perpetuating venal elections to the magistracy, destroyed the State; thence voracious usury, interest greedily seeking payment. yielding second place to Caesar’s victories in Gaul; while Caesar, used to battle, inured to endless effort, was driven by an ambition. Nor were the people alone filled with baseless terrors, the House was stirred, Senators leapt from their seats, and fled, leaving the Consuls the task of declaring, a war they dreaded. The setting is a meeting of the senate on January 1, 49, under the new consuls Lucius Cornelius Lentulus and Gaius Claudius Marcellus, both enemies of Caesar. Yet such depths of fear, must be forgiven; Pompey himself in flight gave, cause for fear. enough to hurl a javelin, must you submit to the toga. for two. be swift; to those who are on the brink, delay is ever fatal. Nor will heaven fail us. at Thebes, or brandished fierce Lycurgus’ goads. of divine anger. our praying to the gods above that it might end? Where is the end. Then the general’s limbs quaked, his hair stood on end, faintness overcame him and he halted, his feet rooted, to the river-bank. Let the wretch learn from Sulla’s example and relinquish power. THE SUPPLEMENT of DIONYSIUS VOSSIUS TO CAESAR'S FIRST BOOK of THE CIVIL WAR. were broken, and the generals freed to pursue armed conflict. the Gauls, yet how small a part of Earth Gaul represents! trust readily broken, and multitudes profiting greatly from war. and spears in battle, in war without a foe? the voice of the people and a bold champion of freedom. Fierce Mulciber, in Sicily, opened Etna’s jaws wide; the flames not rising. The crowd’s flight was irrevocable. leaps over the weapons careless of such wounds. sounded the civil war’s first alarm. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War, AG BG 3.23; Cross-references to this page (11): Allen and Greenough's New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges, SYNTAX OF THE VERB Now once more, he plans illegal conflict, to escape the taint. Translator’s Note. Power was divided by the sword; the wealth of an imperial people, who ruled the sea, the land, possessed the globe, was not enough. C. Julius Caesar. Nor was the prize of such madness a dominion over land and sea. With peace will come dictatorship. Book 1--- 50 B.C. Book I :1-32 The nature of the war. of the world dissolves, in that final hour that gathers in the ages. For, the world conquered, and fortune showering excessive, wealth on Rome, virtue yielded to riches, and those enemy spoils drew, men to luxury. her sorrowful face showing clear in nocturnal darkness. reverting to primal chaos, star will clash with star in confusion, the fiery constellations will sink into the sea, and earth heaving, upwards her flat shores will throw off the ocean, the moon will, move counter to her brother, and claiming the rule of day disdain, to drive her chariot on its slanting path, and the whole discordant. ... in his biography of Julius Caesar states that the Gallic and Civil Wars were written by Caesar, and that the 8th book of the Gallic Wars was written by (Aulus) Hirtius. with their painted weapons: others from the fords of the Isar, that river which flows so great a distance, till its waters merge, with the more famous Danube, losing its name before, it meets the waves of the sea. Outline of Books 1–5 and 6.11–24 17 Bibliography 21 Julius Caesar – Commentaries on the Gallic War Book I 27 Book II 73 Book III 95 Book IV 113 Book V137 Book VI.11–24 167 A Companion to Caesar 177 Latin Morphology 177 Latin Syntax 218 The Geography of Caesar’s Commentaries 251 The Roman Art of War in Caesar’s Time 254 Vocabulary 263 The clash of weapons, was heard, loud cries in the forest depths, sounds, of ghostly armies locked in battle. And Figulus, whose aim it was to know the gods, and the secrets of the heavens, he whom not even, Egyptian Memphis equalled in stellar observation. at the last, filled with the sight of their beloved city. with its forehead, is encouraged further by the shouting. But at her death bonds of loyalty. followers? This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. If in Roman cities now the roofs and walls are half-demolished, and the vast stones of shattered houses litter the earth; if dwellings. you wish to be, and where you wish to set your universal throne. a powerful people turned their own right hands against themselves; From Book 116 (which is the eighth dealing with the civil war) [116.1] [45 BCE] Caesar celebrated a fifth triumph, for his Spanish victory. Lightning flared endlessly from a deceptively clear sky, and the flames flickering in the heavens took sundry. Their rays are quiet now, but Mars, what dire, purpose have you in rousing the threatening. of victory? You may accept or manage cookie usage at any time. Proud as they were, and unafraid of bloodshed, they were torn by love for, their country and its gods, till recalled to fear of Caesar, and a dire propensity for slaughter. and Earth would vanish under a waste of waters. Everyone else knows deep peace, profound tranquility. with the additional restriction that you offer Perseus any modifications you make. Book VII:303-336 Caesar launches the attack Today before us is this war’s punishment or reward. Is it so bad to fight a civil war? Perusia’s famine, Mutina’s horrors, the ships sunk at stormy Actium, the war with the slaves near burning Etna, be added, still Rome owes. Civil War Book 1.1-30 The very opening of the book is lost. Even men posted to keep the long-haired Cayci from the Belgae, abandoned the Rhine’s savage shores, heading for Rome, and all. Book 2--- 49 B.C. By Julius Caesar. Book 1→ Translation based on W. A. McDevitte and W. S. Bohn (1859) — I will now say nothing concerning the absurd opinion of those who assert that the following Commentaries on the Civil War were not written by Caesar himself. We were the first to feel. the comet, that signals a change of earthly power. the Capitol demands no laurels of yours be consecrated; rather gnawing envy denies you all, and your conquests. beside chill Anio’s stream, scattered the folk in flight. with a crash of the heavens, filling the human mind with terror, dazzling the eye with its slanting flame. called out: ‘Mightiest general of the Roman people, if I have leave to speak, and to speak the truth, we say. their household gods, or lingered on the threshold. News was of some fierce cavalry. War’s madness is upon us, where the sword’s power will wildly confound. We use cookies for social media and essential site functions. We feared the worst, but what, follows will be worse than our fears. Gaius Julius CAESAR (100 - 44 BCE), translated by Thomas Rice HOLMES (1855 - 1933) Commentarii de Bello Gallico (English: Commentaries on the Gallic War) is Julius Caesar's firsthand account of the Gallic Wars, written as a third-person narrative. of worship. that slaughter! Part I: The Struggle Begins 1. the weight; balance heaven by holding the centre of the sphere. your son-in-law, resolves to topple you from power. While earth buoys up the sea and the heavens the earth, while. The Civil Wars. Shall the ground open and cities be swallowed. in peace and tranquility, no delight in liberty free from the sword. of Rhine: order me, I must follow with strength and will. and the bowels betrayed their hiding place. The chapter breaks in this translation have been changed to align with those in the 1901 Latin edition of the De Bello Civili, ed. Now, Caesar, swiftly surmounting the frozen Alps. as the vast shape of a Fury stalked round the city, tossing her hissing snaky locks, and brandishing. of justice, Pompey’s standards laying siege to Milo in the dock? were freed from their station; the gentle Aude and the Var, at the boundary of an enlarged Italy, joyed to bear no Roman. Gone, the soldiers who held the land of the Nemes, and the banks of the Adour, where the Tarbellians hem in the sea, that beats gently against the winding shore. sweat on the Lares testified to the city’s travails; in the temples the offerings fell from the walls, birds of ill-omen marred the day, and wild beasts. With that blood, alas, spilled by Roman hands, what lands and seas might not have been, won, where night hides the stars and the sun rises, where fiery air, parches the south, where the winter’s cold that no spring can thaw, freezes the Black Sea in its icy grip! her orb reflecting her brother Phoebus’s light. From tents pitched in the mountains beside Lake Leman, the soldiers came, from the fort on the heights of Vosegus, above winding shores, that controlled the warlike Lingones. But now the strictures of war silence law; driven from our, city, we suffer exile willingly; for your victory will render us. They alone are granted the true knowledge, or the false, of the gods and celestial powers; they live in the furthest groves, of the deep forests; they teach that the soul does not descend, to Erebus’ silent land, to Dis’ sunless kingdom, but the same spirit, breathes in another body. Earth ceased turning on its axis; the Alpine chain. Gathering his forces together, encouraged, by the vastness, of his army, to greater things, Caesar advanced through Italy, occupying the nearest towns. O, evilly joined together, blinded by excessive greed, to what end. who guard the divine prophecies and mystic chants. Translated by A. S. Kline © Copyright 2014 All Rights Reserved. shadow of a mighty name. Behold, he saw a horror never once witnessed. Ten years you fought. CAESAR'S COMMENTARIES OF THE CIVIL WAR. be hidden. Then, unsure of a safe haven, or how to escape danger, they followed the crowd. William Duncan. We have his books of Commentarii (notes): eight on his wars in Gaul, 58–52 BC, including the two expeditions to Britain 55–54, and three on the civil war of 49–48. The introductions preceding each Commentary give the modern reader a sense of the context that the ancient reader brought to the story and show us Caesar in the process of becoming Caesar.”—Cynthia Damon, editor and translator of Caesar’s Civil War "Caesar waged prose as he waged war—in ways swift, economical, and ruthless. When Caesar's letter was delivered to the consuls, they were with great difficulty, and a hard struggle of the tribunes, prevailed on to suffer it to be read in the senate; but the tribunes could not prevail, that any question should be put to the senate on the subject of the letter.The consuls put the question on the regulation of the state. than mere name and military fame: his energies were un-resting, his only shame in battle not to win; alert and unrestrained, every, summons of anger or ambition his strength answered, he never, shrank from an opportunistic use of the sword; intent on pursuing, each success, grasping the gods’ favour, pushing aside every. Let all that region of the sky be clear, and no cloud hide our sight, of Caesar. Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License, Pleiades ancient places geospacial dataset for this text, http://data.perseus.org/citations/urn:cts:latinLit:phi0448.phi002.perseus-eng1:1.0, http://data.perseus.org/texts/urn:cts:latinLit:phi0448.phi002.perseus-eng1, http://data.perseus.org/texts/urn:cts:latinLit:phi0448.phi002, http://data.perseus.org/catalog/urn:cts:latinLit:phi0448.phi002.perseus-eng1.
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